Legal Status for Jewish People
Under Israeli Entry Laws, regulations and codes of practice, there are several additional options for Jewish people to legally work in Israel. Under Israel’s Law of Return, Jews from all over the world have the right to become Israeli citizens. There are many factors to consider and evaluate, prior to making a decision as to which is the right process to achieve your goals. The following are the options:
Returning residents, who meet the criteria of the Ministry of Aliyah and Integration, can be eligible to receive assistance from the State.
The definition of a “returning resident” according to the Ministry of Aliyah and Integration:
1. A citizen of Israel
2. Age 17 and over at the time of return to Israel
3. Resident of Israel in the past
4. Residence abroad – residence abroad of at least two years
A “returning scientist” is eligible for assistance from the Center for Integration in Science following residence abroad of at least five years.
A “business entrepreneur” is eligible for assistance following residence abroad of at least 5 years.
5. Visits to Israel – Visits to Israel, whether consecutive or cumulative, of no more than four months during each year of absence (during the last two years before return to Israel, or three years for entrepreneurs and five years for scientists). A visit beginning in one year and continuing without interruption into the next year is considered one visit.
6. The residence abroad was not for the purpose of serving as an emissary – Neither the returning resident nor his/her spouse nor either one of his/her parents was posted abroad as an employee of one of the bodies listed below (unless five years have elapsed since the end of the emissary mission):
• The State of Israel
• Any authority of the State of Israel (including government companies)
• The World Zionist Organization or any of its institutions
• The Jewish Agency
• The Jewish National Fund
• Keren HaYesod
• The United Jewish Appeal
• The Israel Bonds
7. The applicant did not previously receive assistance as a returning resident from the Ministry of Aliyah and Integration, unless 10 years have passed since receipt of the last assistance, and on condition that the individual returns following residence of at least 6 years abroad.
8. The applicant did not receive any assistance as a new immigrant from the Ministry of Aliyah and Integration during the previous two years.
A returning resident who is separated or divorced with children, or one member of a couple who has come to Israel before their spouse, and together with their children, must, in order to receive assistance for the children as well, provide a notarized declaration by the children’s other parent, and notarized overseas, or a declaration signed before an Israeli consul, stating their agreement to the removal of the children to Israel.